What is the layout of a church?
The entryway to the church is the narthex; the church portals are located here. The nave, or center aisle is an elongated rectangle and pews are located to each side. During processions, ceremonies or masses, people walk up the nave to the altar. The crossing is where the transepts and nave intersect.
What are the four parts of the church?
The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.
What are the three parts of church?
Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant – Wikipedia.
nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).
What are the parts of a church sanctuary?
In most churches, the sanctuary is in front of the nave, and kept separate by railing if possible. This area is home to the altar, tabernacle, pulpit and a chair for the priest or pastor. The pulpit is generally raised and used during the sermon, or instructional time of the service.
What is the altar area of a church called?
In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.
What is the difference between a narthex and vestibule?
As nouns the difference between vestibule and narthex
is that vestibule is (architecture) a passage, hall or room, such as a lobby, between the outer door and the interior of a building while narthex is (architecture) a western vestibule leading to the nave in some (especially orthodox) christian churches.
What composes the church?
The Four Marks of the Church, also known as the Attributes of the Church, is a term describing four distinctive adjectives—”One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”—of traditional Christian ecclesiology as expressed in the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed completed at the First Council of Constantinople in AD 381: “[We …
What is a church building called?
A cathedral is a church, usually Catholic, Anglican, Oriental Orthodox or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from cathedra, or Bishop’s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis).
What is a church stage called?
Generically, it’s called the stage. In strictly church-specific terms, it’s called the chancel. I bring up the term chancel because I think it’s too easy to view the front of the sanctuary as “a stage where the musicians and pastor work” instead of how it should be viewed; “a place where God is worshiped.”
What is the main part of a Catholic church called?
Technically speaking, the main part of the typical church is divided into two parts. One part is the part where the congregation sits during Mass. This part is technically called the “nave” of the church. The other main part is the sanctuary.
What is transept in a church?
transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. … The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.
What is a church apse?
apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.
What is a chapel or porch at the entrance of a church called?
Such a room is sometimes called a parvise which spelt as parvis normally means an open space or colonnade in front of a church entrance.