The central-plan building, round, polygonal, or cruciform in design, gathered considerable momentum in the West as well as in the East in the course of the 4th and 5th centuries.
Where were centrally planned churches more common?
Yet the most prevalent church layouts became the Latin cross plan (in Western Europe) and central plan (in Eastern Europe), both of which evolved from the basilica church.
What were central plan churches used for?
1 : an oblong building ending in a semicircular apse used in ancient Rome especially for a court of justice and place of public assembly. 2 : an early Christian church building consisting of nave and aisles with clerestory and a large high transept from which an apse projects.
What is the central plan?
In architecture, a plan in which the parts of a building radiate from a central point. Examples include circular, octagonal and Greek-cross plans.
Which architectural style incorporated a centralized plan and domes for churches?
In Byzantine architecture Domes became more prevalent in churches and they also became more centrally planned. This differed from both Roman and early Christian where basilicas were most common along with basic flat timber roofs.
What is the centrally planned church according to Alberti?
San Sebastiano, Alberti’s only centralized church, is the first church of the Renaissance to be based on a Greek-cross plan.
What does centrally planned mean in architecture?
centrally-planned building: A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetrical when bisected laterally and longitudinally. A centrally-planned building may be square, circular, or polygonal.
What is Byzantine architecture known for?
Byzantine architecture is a style of building that flourished under the rule of Roman Emperor Justinian between A.D. 527 and 565. In addition to extensive use of interior mosaics, its defining characteristic is a heightened dome, the result of the latest sixth-century engineering techniques.
How is a central plan church different from a traditional basilica?
The Latin cross design essentially adds two lateral extensions (called “transepts”) to the original basilica layout, while the central plan design essentially compresses the basilica into a square (or other shape with rotational symmetry, e.g. octagon, circle, Greek cross).
What were the architectural elements of the basilica plan and the central church plan?
The basilica plan, with its nave, aisles, and apse, remained the basis for church building in the Western Church. It gradually passed out of use in the Eastern Church, however, eclipsed by the radial plan on which the emperor Justinian I constructed the domed cathedral of Hagia Sophia at Constantinople.
When was the Indian Planning Commission constituted?
The Planning Commission was constituted in March, 1950 by a Resolution of the Government of India, and works under the overall guidance of the National Development Council.
What is the value of Centralised planning?
In a centrally planned economy, major economic decisions are made by a central authority. Centrally planned economies stand in contrast to market economies where large numbers of individual consumers and profit-seeking private firms operate most or all of the economy.
What is central planning in government?
Central planning denotes the total body of government actions to determine and coordinate directions of national economic development. … The term ‘planning’ often stirs emotions. For some people, especially for many Communist economists, central planning is good by definition.
Which church combines the features of a longitudinal basilica and a central plan church?
The Hagia Sophia combines a longitudinal basilica and a centralized building in a wholly original manner, with a huge 32-metre (105-foot) main dome supported on pendentives and two semidomes, one on either side of the longitudinal axis.
When were Roman domes built?
Around 100 A.D., Roman builders rotated an arch in a circle and discovered that it created a strong three-dimensional shape — the monolithic dome. In time, they were capping churches and mosques with this new and brilliant design.
When did Roman architecture start?
Roman architecture covers the period from the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BC to about the 4th century AD, after which it becomes reclassified as Late Antique or Byzantine architecture.