Enlightenment is the “full comprehension of a situation”. … Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation, theosis, and conversion. Perennialists and Universalists view enlightenment and mysticism as equivalent terms for religious or spiritual insight.
What did Enlightenment thinkers believe about God?
These thinkers agreed with deists that there was a kind of “natural religion,” basic truths about God and morality accessible to reasoning people. Natural religion was not a rival or alternative, however, to revealed religion. It was a prelude, a necessary but insufficient foundation for belief.
What were Enlightenment ideas about religion?
Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war. A number of novel ideas developed, including Deism (belief in God the Creator, with no reference to the Bible or any other source) and atheism.
What is the relation between Christianity and the Enlightenment thinkers?
Christian ideas also affected Enlightenment thinking. Most of the thinkers continued to believe in God. They saw human progress as a sign of God’s goodness. Often their approach to moral problems reflected Christian values, such as respect for others and for a moral law.
Did the church support the Enlightenment?
For centuries, the Catholic Church had characterized human beings as naturally sinful and in need of forgiveness through religion. Enlightenment philosophy was in direct opposition to this because of their positive emphasis on the importance of the individual.
What Enlightenment thinkers were atheist?
- 3.1 Spinoza.
- 3.2 Pierre Bayle.
- 3.3 David Hume.
- 3.4 Diderot.
- 3.5 D’Holbach.
- 3.6 The Encyclopédie.
How did the church respond to the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment quest to promote reason as the basis for legitimacy and progress found little to praise in the Church. While the philosophes appreciated the value of religion in promoting moral and social order, the Church itself was condemned for its power and influence.
What were the 3 major ideas of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment, sometimes called the ‘Age of Enlightenment’, was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason, individualism, and skepticism.
What Enlightenment thinker thought that everyone has freedom of speech and religion?
Voltaire. Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher, who attacked the Catholic Church and advocated freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
What are the ideas of Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the value of human happiness, the pursuit of knowledge obtained by means of reason and the evidence of the senses, and ideals such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.
What was the purpose of the Enlightenment period?
Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and celebration of reason, the power by which humans understand the universe and improve their own condition. The goals of rational humanity were considered to be knowledge, freedom, and happiness. A brief treatment of the Enlightenment follows.
What were the effects of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.